Rainbow trout

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
Bycatch

Rainbow trout

Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Origin

Worldwide

Cultivation- / Catchmethod

Raceways (flow-through system), Pond systems, Net pens/ Cages

Explanation assessment

The largest part of farmed trout is produced in flow-throughFlow-through:
A cultivation technique whereby water is led from a higher point to the cultivation basin. From here it flows to the drainage. This water must be cleaned thoroughly, otherwise it may have negative impacts on the environment.
systems, recirculationRecirculation systems:
An environmentally friendly cultivating system completely locked from the natural environment, wastewater is purified and re-used and the system is well controlled.
systems and [ponds]. A small part is farmed in cagesCages:
A cultivation technique with open cages in the sea, lake or river. They are anchored to the bottom and are standing in places sheltered for storm and high waves. Most salmon is grown in this type of culture system. Because the cages are in open connection with the surrounding water, the impact on the environment is high.
at sea, this production method is growing.

The content of fish meal and fish oil in the feed for trout is quite high. More than 2 kg wild-caught fish needed to grow 1 kg trout. The feed itself is also often not sustainable because is consists of ingredients that are not caught or produced in a sustainable way.

ASCASC:
Aquaculture Stewardship Council, a worldwide eco-label for responsible cultivated fish.
trout is available since 2014. This certification not only ensures that the feed is becoming more sustainable, but also that measures are taken to limit the negative environmental impacts.

These measures are maintained by strict independent audits on the farms.  to which the farms are subject. ASC trout is therefore trout that is produced in a responsible manner with respect for the environment and society.

.

Rainbow trout

Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Origin

Denmark

Cultivation- / Catchmethod

Pond systems, Recirculation aquaculture system (RAS)

Source usage
Impact on the environment
Management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Rainbowtrout is not a naturally occuring species in Europe. This species was introduced for anglers.

In Denmark, trout is produces in [ponds] and [recirulcation] systems. Many Danish trout farms are ASC-certified and Danish producers are working towards ASC-certification for all farms.

The use of large volumes of freshwater is a concern trout aquaculture in ponds. This is not a problem in recirculation systems as the water is re-used with this method. These systems do have a high energy demand.

Trout needs relatively large amounts of feed and the species is carnivorous. Therefore, the feed used contains relatively high amounts of fishmealfishmeal:
Fishmeal is, together with fishoil, a very important ingredient used in fishfeed for aquaculture production. Fishmeal is derived from wild-caught fish which are often not caught sustainably.
and fishoilfishoil:
Fishoil is, together with fishmeal, a very important ingredient used in fishfeed for aquaculture production. Fishoil is derived from wild-caught fish which are often not caught sustainably.
. Danish farms use mainly sustainably sourced fishmeal and fishoil, more than other European trout farms.

These ingredients are often produced from wild-caught fish and not sustainably sourced. Because of the high feed demand, trout produce a lot of manure. This is deposited, together with the used water, into the natural environment which can be polluting. This is especially a problem in the trout production using open sea cages. The manure enters the sea directly.

Diseases and parasites are not a large concern, however disease outbreaks do occur.

The Danish environmental laws are considered to be among the stictest worldwide. Fish farms have to meet specific requirements on various elements. The management is very effective.

Fishing season

This assessment concerns a farmed species. Seasonal information is not relevant when it comes to fish from aquaculture farms.

 

Rainbow trout

Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Origin

Europe, inland

Cultivation- / Catchmethod

Raceways (flow-through system), Pond systems, Net pens/ Cages, Recirculation aquaculture system (RAS)

Source usage
Impact on the environment
Management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Rainbowtrout is not a naturally occuring species in Europe. This species was introduced for anglers. Nowadays, it is a well-known consumption fish and it’s cultured all over Europe.

Trout can be produced in [ponds], [recirulcation] systems, sea cagesCages:
A cultivation technique with open cages in the sea, lake or river. They are anchored to the bottom and are standing in places sheltered for storm and high waves. Most salmon is grown in this type of culture system. Because the cages are in open connection with the surrounding water, the impact on the environment is high.
and flow-throughFlow-through:
A cultivation technique whereby water is led from a higher point to the cultivation basin. From here it flows to the drainage. This water must be cleaned thoroughly, otherwise it may have negative impacts on the environment.
systems. The use of large volumes of freshwater is a concern in ponds and flow-through systems. This is not a problem in recirculation systems as the water is re-used with this method. These systems do have a high energy demand.

Trout needs relatively large amounts of feed and the species is carnivorous. Therefore, the feed used contains relatively high amounts of fishmealfishmeal:
Fishmeal is, together with fishoil, a very important ingredient used in fishfeed for aquaculture production. Fishmeal is derived from wild-caught fish which are often not caught sustainably.
and fishoilfishoil:
Fishoil is, together with fishmeal, a very important ingredient used in fishfeed for aquaculture production. Fishoil is derived from wild-caught fish which are often not caught sustainably.
. These ingredients are often produced from wild-caught fish and not sustainably sourced. Because of the high feed demand, trout produce a lot of manure. This is deposited, together with the used water, into the natural environment which can be polluting. This is especially a problem in the trout production using open sea cages. The manure enters the sea directly.

Diseases and parasites are not a large concern, however disease outbreaks do occur. In open sea cages, the risk of disease spreading and outbreakes is higher.

The European aquaculture management system also concerning trout is largely effective. However, the current management system does not succeed in minimizing all negative environmental effects. This needs improvement.

Fishing season

This assessment concerns a farmed species. Seasonal information is not relevant when it comes to fish from aquaculture farms.

Rainbow trout

Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Origin

Chile, Turkey

Cultivation- / Catchmethod

Raceways (flow-through system), Pond systems, Net pens/ Cages

Source usage
Impact on the environment
Management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

Trout is produced in Chile and Turkey in [ponds], sea cagesCages:
A cultivation technique with open cages in the sea, lake or river. They are anchored to the bottom and are standing in places sheltered for storm and high waves. Most salmon is grown in this type of culture system. Because the cages are in open connection with the surrounding water, the impact on the environment is high.
or flow-throughFlow-through:
A cultivation technique whereby water is led from a higher point to the cultivation basin. From here it flows to the drainage. This water must be cleaned thoroughly, otherwise it may have negative impacts on the environment.
systems. The trout production has grown tremendously in the past 20 years, Chile has become the largest trout producing country worldwide.

Trout can be cultured both in fresh- and saltwater. Continious water exchange is very important in trout production. Mainly in ponds and flow-trhough systems this can be a problem. Water has to be refreshed continuously, using clean surface water surrounding the farm. This is not a concern in trout production in open sea cages.

Trout is a carnivorous species which needs a relatively large amount of feed. The feed also contains a high amount of fishmealfishmeal:
Fishmeal is, together with fishoil, a very important ingredient used in fishfeed for aquaculture production. Fishmeal is derived from wild-caught fish which are often not caught sustainably.
and fishoilfishoil:
Fishoil is, together with fishmeal, a very important ingredient used in fishfeed for aquaculture production. Fishoil is derived from wild-caught fish which are often not caught sustainably.
coming from wild-caught fish to optimize trout growth. The feed used in trout production in Turkey and Chile has a relatively high amount of this fishmeal and fishoil.

Trout needs a lot of feeding and therefore also produces a lot of manure. This has a negative impact on the surroundings of the farm when the water with manure is deposited into the environment. Farm escapes are common and medicines and chemicals are used irresponsibly. Turkey does not have standards for the humane killing of trout.

Aquaculture management has improved over the years both in Chile and Turkey. However, management is not as strict as in Europe and negative impacts of the trout aquaculture are still common.

Fishing season

This assessment concerns a farmed species. Seasonal information is not relevant when it comes to fish from aquaculture farms.

General

Salmonids

There are many species that belong to the Salmonids or (Protacanthopterygii). Did you know trouts, smelts, and even pikes belong to the Salmon family? Salmonids occur in either salt and freshwater. Most species are well-specialized predators and live in temperate climate zones.  Salmonids are ray-finned fishes and can be distinguished by the ‘fat-fin’ between the backfin and tail. They do not have spikes and the pelvic and pectoral fin are separated.

Salmonids are sold farmed and wildcaught. Wildcaught salmon comes from the Pacific. Almost all Atlantic salmon on sold is farmed. Since the 90s the farming of salmon increased dramatically. Norway, chile, Scotland, Canada and the Faroe islands are important farming countries for salmon. In both, wild-caught and farmed salmon problems in sustainability are prevalent.

 

 

 

Rainbow trout

The rainbow trout belongs to the same family as the pacific salmon. The species’ native distribution is south-west Canada and north-western USA. Some rainbow trout populations are anadromous: they are born in fresh water and migrate to sea where they spend the majority of their life. When sexually mature, they migrate back upstream to spawn. Rainbow trout can get 115 cm long. Because rainbow trout is widely cultured in aquaculture and has been restocked for anglers, this species can be found all over the world.