Atlantic horse mackerel

Quality mark Cultivation
/Keurmerk Wild
Green
Second choice
Avoid
Bycatch

Atlantic horse mackerel

Trachurus trachurus
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Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)

Farming- / Catch method

Purse seines

Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

There is an extensive stock assessment of this species in this area. The stock is not overfishedOverfished:
A stock is overfished when the stock size has decreased so far that it can no longer produce a maximum sustainable yield. The size of the fish populations is insufficient to reproduce in the long term. 
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There is no data on the bycatch of endangered species. This fishery does not damage benthic life.

Management of this fishery is largely effective.

 

Atlantic horse mackerel

Trachurus trachurus
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Norwegian Sea

Farming- / Catch method

Midwater otter trawl

Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

The western horse mackerel stock is declining and is probably overfishedOverfished:
A stock is overfished when the stock size has decreased so far that it can no longer produce a maximum sustainable yield. The size of the fish populations is insufficient to reproduce in the long term. 
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The fishery with [midwater otter trawls] is quite selective, because horse mackerel swims in schools high in the [water column]: there is little bycatch of other species. There is no interaction with the seafloor. Horse mackerel is considered to be one of the most important predatory fish in the North Sea. It has possibly an impact on ecosystem via the [food chain].

Horse mackerel is managed with [catch limits]. In 2007 a management plan has been made by the pelagicPelagic:
In the water column.
RAC (Regional Advisory Council). This plan is being used since 2008 in determining the TAC (Total Allowable Catch)

 

Atlantic horse mackerel

Trachurus trachurus
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec
Origin

Atlantic Ocean, north-east (FAO 27)
Deelgebieden: Skagerrak and Kattegat

Farming- / Catch method

Midwater otter trawl

Fish stocks and fishing pressure
Ecosystem effects
Fishery management
Final assessment
Explanation assessment

The state of the North Sea stock of Atlantic horse mackerel is unknown. There are insufficient reliable data (e.g. biological and [discard] data) to do a proper stock assessment. The stock declined for the past years, and appears to be stabilized on that level. The fishing pressure on this species declined, the effects thereof are not yet seen.

The fishery with [midwater otter trawls] is quite selective, because horse mackerel swims in schools high in the [water column]: there is little bycatch of other species. There is no interaction with the seafloor. Horse mackerel is considered to be one of the most important predatory fish in the North Sea. It has possibly an impact on ecosystem via the [food chain].

Horse mackerel is managed with [catch limits]. In 2007 a management plan has been made by the pelagicPelagic:
In the water column.
RAC (Regional Advisory Council). This plan is being used since 2008 in determining the TAC (Total Allowable Catch)

 

 

General

Mackerel-like fish

Mackerel-like (Scrombodei) from a subspecies of the Perciformes, the biggest order of fish. Mackerel (Atlantic-, horse mackerel etc), tuna, swordfish and barracudas all fall among the mackerel-like fish. Globally it is a very popular fish and forms an important source of food and income for many people. Mackerel are pelagic fish that live in large schools. While swimming in large schools, mackerel-like fish confuse their predators with the silver-like brilliance from their scales. Island mackerel is the smallest with 2o cm, the largest is the bluefin tuna that can reach a size of over 5 meters.

Atlantic horse mackerel

Atlantic horse mackerel can be found in the north-east Atlantic, from Iceland in the north to Senegal in the south. This species also occurs in the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. Atlantic horse mackerel is a pelagic predator that swims high up in the water column in large schools. There are three stocks of Atlantic horse mackerel, one of these is the North Sea stock. This stock spawns in the southern part of the North Sea in summer. After spawning, they migrate back to the central North Sea, the Skagerrak and Kattegat. Atlantic horse mackerel is mostly caught as bycatch in pelagic trawler fisheries on mackerel. There is also a pelagic trawling fishery that is specifically targeting Atlantic horse mackerel.