Illegal Fishery (IUU)
Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing practices undermine good fishery management. IUU therefore increases the pressure on fish stocks and the risk of overfishing increases. Due to IUU, food security is at stake, tax revenues are missed, and fishing companies that do operate within the law face unfair competition. Fish from illegal sources can currently enter the supply chain almost without problems and be distributed in the market. One of the reasons is that there are a lot of stages in fish processing where the products can be mixed with legal products. Illegal fishery is also often linked to other criminal activities like money laundering, tax evasion, human trafficking and drug trafficking. It is therefore important that IUU is tackled hard and that EU legislation is properly implemented and monitored.
According to Good Fish Foundation, the Netherlands can play an important part in tackling illegal fishery, because the Netherlands has the largest port of Europe. Rotterdam is the import route to the Netherlands and other countries in the EU. However, there is no obligation to inspect containers at the port, which makes for an easy access route for IUU fish to Europe.